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Better detection of concussion in young football players

Montreal, Novembre 24, 2015 - Researcher Christian Duval, PhD, and his team have developed a new, simple and non-invasive approach to create a biomechanical and cognitive profile of football players and more quickly and accurately detect concussions in these individuals. Christian Duval and his post-doctoral student Hung Nguyen, PhD, work at the Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal of the CIUSSS du Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal, which is affiliated with Université de Montréal. They presented their preliminary research findings at the International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support, which was held in Lisbon from November 15 to 17.

For their study, Christian Duval's team performed a dual-task assessment using simultaneous biomechanical and cognitive tests to evaluate the players every week. Thanks to a markerless motion capture system, this approach let them establish a unique profile for each person in just seven minutes and detect signs of concussion in a player before the medical team could. Developing such a fast and effective test is critical, as repeated impact on the young brain over time leaves damage similar to that caused by dementia.


“We had the players walk while avoiding obstacles and while executing cognitive tasks. The combination of these two results established each individual's personal signature. Our measurements let us quickly detect concussion symptoms that could go unnoticed by health care professionals or by the young athletes themselves. The test we developed also simulates game situations, because in football, players are stimulated both physically and intellectually,” explained Christian Duval.
In a sport in which many concussions go undetected, this approach could help health care professionals to not only better detect these brain injuries but also systematically monitor all players during the season to detect or monitor those who sustain a concussion to determine when they are ready to get back out on the field.

About the researcher
Dr Christian Duval, Ph. D., is a professor of Neuroscience at the dept. of Exercise Science at the University of Quebec in Montreal. His lab is dedicated to the use of technologies for the detection of motor symptoms is neurological diseases.

About the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal (IUGM)
The IUGM has 446 short-term and long-term beds and an ambulatory centre. It has what is considered to be the largest Francophone research centre in the field of aging. A member of Université de Montréal's larger excellence in health network, the IUGM opens its doors every year to hundreds of students, trainees and researchers. Since April 1, 2015, the IUGM has been part of the CIUSSS du Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal.

About the Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal
The Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal (CIUSSS-CSMTL) was created on April 1, 2015, from the merger of ten health and social services institutions on the Island of Montreal. It provides services to a population of nearly 300,000 Montrealers who live on the southern part of the island in the boroughs of Ville-Marie, Verdun, Le Sud-Ouest, Le Plateau-Mont-Royal and part of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie. It also has a regional responsibility for such services as rehabilitation, youth services, public health and emergency measures. With four institutes and two university-affiliated centres in different health and social services sectors, the CIUSSS-CSMTL fulfills a significant academic mission.

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Source:
Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal

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